Since the release of military standard MS20659 by TACOM around the time of WWII, heavy-duty truck battery terminals have all been closed barrel that is either tubular or drawn cylindrical raw material. The standards requirements by SAE International and the Underwriter’s Laboratories (UL 486 A) drew upon the gauge sizing and stud hole options of MS20659.
MS 20659 is one of many specifications listed within the larger, Mil-T-7928G, which is a collection of electrical connector specifications. MIL-7928G includes individual specifications for :
- Terminal Lugs and Splices
Insulated and Uninsulated Connectors
Round and Square Tang
Heavy and Thin Wall Wire
Chamferred and "Bell-Mouthed" Terminal Lug Wire Barrels
Class 1(150 Degrees C Conductor Temp) and Class 2
- Type 1 (Uninsulated), Type II (Insulated)
MS20659 specifically covers "Terminal, Lug, Crimp Style, Copper, Uninsulated, Ring, Tongue,Type 1, Class 1"
MS 20659 Specification Criteria
MS20659 calls out copper raw material requirements for strip QQ-C-502 and tubing ASTM B75.
MS 20659 calls out tin-plating requirements. Tin-plating is governed by MIL-T-10727C which specifies plating thickness, chemistry, and salt-spray duration resistance.
MS20659 calls out the dimensional characteristics and tolerances for terminal lugs between 22 Gauge and 4/0 cable sizes. Specifically, barrel diameters,barrel lengths, stud hole diameters, tang lengths,tang widths , tang thickness, stud and end clearances and overall lengths are identified for terminal lugs as a function of their wire size (gauge) and stud size. Tolerances are either ranges of sizes or Minimum or Maximum Values.
MS230659 calls out "Qualification Testing" , which is specifies usage of MIL-W-XXXX wire specifcations, and MIL-C-XXXX crimp tool specifications to ensure secure/conductive applications of connectors.Crimp compression is typically performed with a source of compression and crimp dies which are sized to constrain the conductor and connector to maximal bonding. Compression Tools can be manual, hydraulic, or battery powered. Generally, they force dies to reduce the containing space of conductor and cable toward inter-lacing and/or homogeneity. The size and stranding configuration of conductors determines whether less powerful manual or more powerful hydraulic and battery powered crimp tools are needed.
ASK Products’ Mil.Spec. Heavy Duty Terminal lugs are available in the widest array of gauges and stud hole sizes; tinned versions. ASK manufactures a number of MS Product Lines:
MS20659, MS25036, MS35446, MS35447 & MS35449
ASK Products’ lines meet and exceed UL 486A and SAE standards. ASK’s product lines are UL Listed with crimp tools and dies which span the available crimp tool universe. ASK has been producing terminals and lugs for Army’s TACOM since 1952 and its products can be found on virtually every tank, jeep, and military vehicle produced in North America. ASK Products terminal lugs are 100% American made here in Aurora, IL.